来館案内 Collection view on timeline Menu Close

Mermod Frères

GRAND
STELLA

1890

Grand Stella
discover >
Grand Stella

When the Tsar’s family visited the World Exposition in Paris in 1900, the Stella Imperial Orchestra Grand No. 202 caught the eye of Alexandra.

202 REEDS
1 PROJECTIONLESS
DISC MECHANISM
42”5 x 31”5 x 53

Mermod Frères
St. Croix, Switzerland
Europe

Manufacturer

Mermod Frères was founded in 1816 and for many years one of Switzerland's premier maker of cylinder music boxes.

In the 1890s they widened their scope and began manufacturing disc-style music boxes. The firm's main products were the Stella and the Mira mechanism. Distributors in England, America, France and other countries would import the mechanisms and fit them into custom-made cabinets.

sources
Mermod Frères display at the 1900 Paris Exhibition
Mermod Frères display at the 1900 Paris Exhibition

technique

The Stella Imperial Orchestra Grand No. 202 is a disc-style music box that used discs without projections. This means that protruding studs on the underside of the disc activate spring-loaded star wheels which in turn pluck a reed in the musical comb.

The 25" in diameter disc in our collection has been preserved from the Alexander Palace in St. Petersburg.

sources
Advertisement for the Stella.
Nicole Frères ‘6 revolvers’ Music Box
Nicole Frères
‘6 revolvers’ Music Box
1870
G. Baker-Troll & Co. Tsar Nicolas
G. Baker-Troll & Co.
Tsar Nicolas
1878
Roullet & Decamps Monkey Smoker
Roullet & Decamps
Monkey Smoker
1880
Jean-Marie Phalibois Monkey Orchestra
Jean-Marie Phalibois
Monkey Orchestra
1888
Polyphon Hermann Just
Polyphon
Hermann Just
1890
Mermod Frères Grand Stella
Mermod Frères
Grand Stella
1890
Paillard Helicoidal orchestra
Paillard
Helicoidal orchestra
1890
Malke & Oberländer Fortuna Duplex Disk
Malke & Oberländer
Fortuna Duplex Disk
1905
Aeolian Solo Orchestrelle
Aeolian
Solo Orchestrelle
1906
Hupfeld Phonoliszt Violina
Hupfeld
Phonoliszt Violina
1910
Edison Opera Phonograph
Edison
Opera Phonograph
1912
Victor Talking Machine Company Victor V Gramophone
Victor Talking Machine Company
Victor V Gramophone
1920
Chickering & Sons Ampico Grand Player Piano
Chickering & Sons
Ampico Grand Player Piano
1924