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Use of sources

The Horie Orgel Museum, (MAMI) is using all content on this website for educational purposes only and to further advance the understanding of automated musical instruments in general, and of the collection of automated musical instruments owned by MAMI specifically.

Furthermore, all material on this website is used without any commercial intent. If you are a copyright holder of material shown on this website and you have any valid objection to the its use, please be so kind to contact us.

In the development of this website we consulted various sources. Extensive research was done to make our reference/source list is as complete as possible. However, we cannot guarantee the completeness of this list. If you have any additional information for us in order to resolve any unintended omission, we would very much like to be informed.

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Nicole Frères ‘6 Revolvers’ Music Box

Images:
– Manufacturers, Image 1.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Geneva_-_City_Hall_LCCN2014708701.tif
– Technique, Image 2: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 31
Texts:
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 31, 33

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Baker & Troll Company Tsar Nicolas

Images:
– Manufacturer: Genève. Le Théâtre Abstract/medium: 1 print : color photochrom ; sheet 17 x 23 cm. 1890.
Library of Congress Catalog: https://lccn.loc.gov/2017660912.
Image download: https://cdn.loc.gov/service/pnp/ppmsca/52800/52861v.jpg
Original url: https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2017660912/
Author: Photoglob Co., publisher.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gen%C3%A8ve._Le_Th%C3%A9%C3%A2tre_LCCN2017660912.jpg
Texts:
– On the G. Baker & Troll Company: https://www.mmdigest.com/Archives/Digests/201210/2012.10.30.01.html
– On the Tsar Nicolas Music Box: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 49
– Technique: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 953, 17-22
– On porcelain plates: Collecting guide: Sèvres porcelain, 7 November 2017: https://www.christies.com/features/Sevres-porcelain-collecting-guide-8706-1.aspx

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Monkey Smoker

Images:
– Manufacturer 1: Boulevard de la Madeleine with the Church de la Madeleine on the left, Paris.
Original image: Photochrom print (color photo lithograph) Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsc-05201 from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Photochrom Prints Collection.
Reproduction by Photoglob AG, Zürich, Switzerland or Detroit Publishing Company, Detroit, Michigan. Author unknown.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Boulevard_de_la_Madeleine,_Paris,_1890-1900.jpg
– Manufacturer 2: Scanned image of a print made by Theodore Lane (1800 - 1828) and published in 1826 by Charles Smith (1800 - 1852).
The print depicts the Automaton Exhibition at Gothic Hall in Haymarket section of London.
The scan of recto type was presumably done by The Trustees of the British Museum on an unknown date.
Author: Theodore Lane (1800 - 1828).

http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details.aspx?objectId=3305472&partId=1
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Automaton_Exhibition_1826_at_Gothic_Hall_in_Haymarket_London.jpg
Texts:
– On technique: http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=112
– On technique: http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=277
– On technique: https://www.theriaults.com/node/21126
– On automata in France: https://www.automates-avenue.fr/musee-des-automates/les-automates-depuis-l-antiquite.php
– On automata: Musical Machines and Living Dolls, The Murtogh D. Guiness Collction of Mechanical Musical Instruments and Automata, Ellen M. Snyder-Grenier, P. 126-131
– On manufacturer: The Robot - The life and story of a technology by Lisa Nocks. Greenwood Technographies, Greenwood Press Westport CT and London. P. 41

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Monkey Orchestra

Images:
– Manufacture 1: The interior of the Bon Marché department store (1875). Albert Chevojon (1865-1925), photo vers 1900, domaine Public - Intérieur du Bon Marché, Archives Moisant-SaveyI. Grand escalier et serrurerie Moisant, Laurent, Savey.
Texts:
– On technique: http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=112
– On technique: http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=277
– On technique: https://www.theriaults.com/node/21126
– On automata in France: https://www.automates-avenue.fr/musee-des-automates/les-automates-depuis-l-antiquite.php
– On automata: Musical Machines and Living Dolls, The Murtogh D. Guiness Collction of Mechanical Musical Instruments and Automata, Ellen M. Snyder-Grenier, P. 126-131

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Mermod Frères Grand Stella

Images:
– Logo Stella Music Boxes: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 118
– Manufacturer 1: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 120
– Technique 1: 1333 Stella Disc Player Wind-Up Music Box,
http://www.icollector.com/Stella-Disc-Player-Wind-Up-Music-Box_i27301183
– Technique 3: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 120
Texts:
– On Mermod Fréres: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 118-123

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Paillard Helicoidal Orchestra

Texts:
– Manufacturer: http://www.bolexcollector.com/timeline.html
– Technique: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 20
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_box
Images:
– Manifacturer: Paillard factory https://www.notrehistoire.ch/medias/104166

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Malke & Oberländer Fortuna Duplex Disk

Images:
– Manufacture 1: Stadtgeschichtliches Museum Inv.-Nr. 2675: Die Westseite vom Markt in Leipzig um 1890,
Hermann Walter (1838-1909):
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Markt_Westseite_Leipzig_um_1890.jpg
Texts:
– On the manufacturer, technique and the No. 435: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 238
– On the manufacturer: Die Hersteller von selbst spielenden Musikinstrumenten aus Leipzig von 1876 bis 1930, Adler: https://mfm.uni-leipzig.de/hsm/detail.php?id=8

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Polyphon Hermann Just

Image:
– Illustration Polyphon: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 146
– Manufacturer 1: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 173
– Factory Building: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 144
– Music Box for Commercial Use: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 954
Texts:
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 144-145, 158-159, 954

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Aelian Solo Orchestrelle

Images:
– Manufacturer 1: Notenzeichner für Pianola-Rollen 1911 im Londoner Werk der Aeolian Company.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Notenzeichner1911.jpg
– Manufacturer 2: Aeolian Factory at Hayes, Middlesex, England c1920.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/4919893758/in/photostream/.
Author unknown.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aeolian_Factory_at_Hayes,_Middlesex,_England_c1920.jpg
– Technique 1: "Grainger (Percy) editing duo-art pianola music rolls, no. 1, 2.": this is registered as part of a collection of 33 photographs under J 215266–215298.[1] The Library of Congress has 18 of these photographs in this set.
Author: Photoprint by Champeau Studios, N.Y.; copyrighted by Aeolian Company
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grainger_editing_a_pianola_duo-art.jpg
– Logo The Aeolian Company: Ad for The Aeolian Company from The New York Times dated October 26, 1908.
Author: The Aeolian Company.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Aeolian_Company.jpg
Texts:
– On Aeolian, the pianola and recitals: Aeolian Halls - A History of Concerts Inspired by the Pianola, The Pianola Institute Ltd, 2008: http://www.pianola.org/factsheets/aeolianhalls.cfm
– On the Solo 'F': The Music Box, Journal of the Musical Box Society of Great Britain, Vol. 3, No. 8 Christmas 1968, P. 41
– Location on Broadway: City of New York Landmarks Preservation Committee, Designation List 342 LP 2125, P. 5 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolian_Company#cite_note-5)

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Hupfeld Phonoliszt Violina

Images: – Hupfeld logo: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 431
– Manufacturer 1: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 441
– Manufacturer 2: Hupfeld Fabrik, 1911. Altes Firmenprospekt aus eigenem Besitz. Author KarlKunde.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hupfeld.jpg?uselang=nl
Texts:
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 436-443
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Hupfeld
https://www.antique-hq.com/hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-the-8th-wonder-of-the-world-114/
https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/more-furniture-collectibles/collectibles-curiosities/musical-instruments/hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-model-b-music-cabinet/id-f_4440903/#0
https://www.thestrad.com/the-hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-a-self-playing-violin-invented-in-1907/5400.article

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Edison Opera phonograph

Images:
– Thomas Alva Edison's signature: Thomas Alva Edison, McSush, 30.01.2010 (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thomas_Alva_Edison_Signature.svg)
– Edison and phonograph: Thomas Edison and his early phonograph.
Cropped from Library of Congress copy. Brady-Handy Photograph Collection.
Author: Levin C. Handy (per http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cwpbh.04326)
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edison_and_phonograph_edit1.jpg
– Paul Uestel. Le phonographe Edison, à la section des États-Unis. 1889.
Located at Brown University Library. Huard, Charles-Lucien..
Livre d'or de l'Exposition, Tome 1. Paris: L. Boulanger, 1889.

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Le_phonographe_Edison,_%C3%A0_la_section_des_%C3%89tats-Unis.jpg Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zh-nLasOslU
Texts:
– On Edison phonographs: http://www.radio-antiks.com/IndexRadio-Antiks_Edison_Opera_1.htm and http://www.edisontinfoil.com/opera.htm and https://www.antique-hq.com/the-edison-opera-phonograph-225/<br/> – On the manufacture: http://edison.rutgers.edu/list.htm

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Victor Talking Machine Company Victor V Gramophone

Images:
– Logo: Victor "scroll" label from 1930, featuring the company's house band, Nathaniel Shilkret, 04.08.2005 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Talking_Machine_Company#/media/File:Victor22529A.jpg)
– Manufacturer 1: Photograph, Gramophone Assembling Room, Berliner Gramophone Co., Montreal, QC, 1910.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gramophone_Assembling_Room,_Berliner_Gramophone_Co.,_Montreal,_QC,_1910.jpg.
This image is available from the McCord Museum under the access number MP-1982.69.7
– Manufacturer 2: Emile Berliner, with the model of the first phonograph machine which he invented.
Between 1910 and 1929. National Photo Company Collection (Library of Congress).

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emile_Berliner_with_disc_record_gramophone_-_between_1910_and_1929.jpg
– Technique 1: His Master's Voice. Victor Talking Machine Company.
Author: Francis Barraud (1856–1924).
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:His_Master%27s_Voice.jpg – Technique 2: Enrico Caruso with a "Victrola" brand phonograph. Glass negative.
No date recorded on caption card. c. 1910s.
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ggbain.29837.
Unknown photographer; Bain News Service, publisher. Restored by Michel Vuijlsteke.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Caruso_with_phonograph2.jpg Texts:
– On the company: Gelatt, Roland, The Fabulous Phonograph: 1877—1977, MacMillan, New York, 1954 and "RCA Nipper Window on Display at Rutgers". Historiccamdencounty.com. Retrieved 10 January 2018 and Barnum, Fred, "'His Master's Voice' In America", General Electric Co, 1991.
– On technique: http://www.misfitscentral.com/appendices/appendix.php

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Chickering & Sons Ampico Grand Player Piano

Images:
– Logo of Chickering & Ampico: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 285
– Manufacturer: Chickering pianos, no.334 Washington St., 1838-1852.
The commemoration of the founding of the house of Chickering & Sons upon the eightieth anniversary of the event,
1823-1903. Boston: Chickering & Sons, 1904. Artist unknown.
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chickering_334WashingtonSt_Boston_1838_1852.png
– Sergei Rachmaninoff, photo portrait, seated at Steinway grand piano, unknown photographer, Bain News Service, 21.02.2018 (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rachmaninoff_at_Steinway_grand_piano.jpg)
Texts:
– All: Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 276-288


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Techniques Texts

Automata
http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=112
http://www.douglas-fisher.com/index.php?pg=stock&cat=automata&stock=277
https://www.theriaults.com/node/21126
https://mus-col.com/en/the-authors/10279/
https://www.automates-avenue.fr/musee-des-automates/les-automates-depuis-l-antiquite.php
– Musical Machines and Living Dolls, The Murtogh D. Guiness Collction of Mechanical Musical Instruments and Automata, Ellen M. Snyder-Grenier, P. 126-131

Discs
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 118-123
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 238
– Die Hersteller von selbst spielenden Musikinstrumenten aus Leipzig von 1876 bis 1930, Adler: https://mfm.uni-leipzig.de/hsm/detail.php?id=8
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 144-145, 158-159, 954

Cylinders
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 31, 33
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 953, 17-22
http://www.bolexcollector.com/timeline.html
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 20
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_box

Phonographs
– On Edison phonographs: http://www.radio-antiks.com/IndexRadio-Antiks_Edison_Opera_1.htm and http://www.edisontinfoil.com/opera.htm and https://www.antique-hq.com/the-edison-opera-phonograph-225/
http://edison.rutgers.edu/list.htm
– Gelatt, Roland, The Fabulous Phonograph: 1877—1977, MacMillan, New York, 1954 and "RCA Nipper Window on Display at Rutgers". Historiccamdencounty.com. Retrieved 10 January 2018 and Barnum, Fred, "'His Master's Voice' In America", General Electric Co, 1991.
http://www.misfitscentral.com/appendices/appendix.php

Piano Rolls
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 276-288
– Aeolian Halls - A History of Concerts Inspired by the Pianola, The Pianola Institute Ltd, 2008: http://www.pianola.org/factsheets/aeolianhalls.cfm
– On the Solo 'F': The Music Box, Journal of the Musical Box Society of Great Britain, Vol. 3, No. 8 Christmas 1968, P. 41
– City of New York Landmarks Preservation Committee, Designation List 342 LP 2125, P. 5 (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aeolian_Company#cite_note-5)
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 436-443
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_Hupfeld
https://www.antique-hq.com/hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-the-8th-wonder-of-the-world-114/
https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/more-furniture-collectibles/collectibles-curiosities/musical-instruments/hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-model-b-music-cabinet/id-f_4440903/#0
https://www.thestrad.com/the-hupfeld-phonoliszt-violina-a-self-playing-violin-invented-in-1907/5400.article
– Encyclopedia of Automatic Music Instruments, David Bowers, P. 276-288